What is Hepatitis C?
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a spherical, enveloped, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the family flaviviridae. Discovered in 1989, HCV explained 90 percent of non-A non-B (NANB) cases of hepatitis.
- Hepatitis C virus is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the United States and the prevalence of Hepatitis C virus infection is increasing worldwide.
- The World Health Organization estimates that more than 170 million individuals throughout the world are infected with HCV.
- The Centers for Disease Control estimate that 3.9 million (1.8 percent) of Americans have been infected with Hepatitis C, of whom 2.7 million are chronically infected.
- Infection due to the Hepatitis C virus accounts for 20 percent of all cases of acute hepatitis, an estimated 25,000 new acute infections and 8,000-12,000 deaths each year in the United States.
- Medical care costs associated with the treatment of HCV infection in the United States are estimated to be more than $600 million per year.
- Although the number of new HCV infections has declined over the last 20 or more years, chronic Hepatitis C is the most common reason that a person will need to undergo a liver transplant in the U.S.
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Askari, MD, PhD, Fred K., Hepatitis C: The Silent Epidemic. Da Capo Press, 2001.
Bruce, Cara and Lisa Montanarelli, The First Year® - Hepatitis C: An Essential Guide for the Newly Diagnosed. Da Capo Press, 2007.
Buhner, Stephen Harrod, Herbs for Hepatitis C and the Liver. Storey Publishing, 2000.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Hepatitis C Information for the Public" http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/C/index.htm Retrieved February 15, 2011
Cohen, Misha Ruth, Robert G. Gish and Kalia Doner, The Hepatitis C Help Book. St. Martin’s Press, 2001.
Dolan, Mathew, The Hepatitis Handbook. North Atlantic Books, 1999.
Everson, Gregory T., Hedy Weinberg, Living With Hepatitis C: A Survivor’s Guide. Hatherleigh Press, 1998.
Heathcote, Jenny, Colina Yim, Quynh Thai and Averell Sherker, Living with Hepatitis C: Everything You Need to Know.
Firefly Books, 2003.
Maddrey, Willis C., Conquering Hepatitis C. B.C. Decker Inc., 2000.
Palmer, MD, Melissa. Dr. Melissa Palmer’s Guide to Hepatitis & Liver Disease. New York: Avery Trade, 2004.
Washington, Harriet A., Living Healthy with Hepatitis C. Dell Publishing, 2000.
The American Liver Foundation. "Hepatitis C" http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/hepatitisc/ Retrieved February 15, 2011
- What is Hepatitis C?
- How is Hepatitis C Transmitted?
- Who Is At Risk for Hepatitis C?
- What are the Signs and Symptoms of Hepatitis C?
- What Other Signs and Symptoms May Exist?
- Are There Different Types of Hepatitis C Virus?
- How is Hepatitis C Diagnosed?
- What is the Conventional Medical Treatment for Hepatitis C?
- Which is the Best Treatment for Hepatitis C?
- What Alternative Therapies Are Used in the Treatment of HCV?
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