Gallbladder Disease and Liver Health

What Causes Gallbladder Disease?

Types and causes of gallbladder disease include:

  • Gallstones (cholelithiasis) – the most common type of gallbladder disease. Hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder which vary in size from a few millimeters to a few centimeters. Two types of gallstones are cholesterol gallstones and pigment gallstones.
  • Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) – caused by a gallstone getting stuck in the cystic duct, the tube that carries bile from the gallbladder. Infection, injury and tumors can also cause cholecystitis.
  • Polyps (growths of tissue in the gallbladder).
  • Chronic acalculous gallbladder disease – when the natural movements needed to empty the gallbladder do not work well.
  • Gangrene (death of tissue) or abscesses (pockets of pus).
  • Sclerosing cholangitis – swelling (inflammation), scarring, and destruction of the bile ducts inside and outside of the liver.
  • Congenital defects of the gallbladder (defects that are present at birth).
  • Tumors of the gallbladder and bile ducts.
  • Gallbladder cancer – a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder.
7 Critical Foods​ That Are Crucial For Your Liver Health and Important To Detox Your Liver

DetoxCompanion.com “Is a Liver Flush Dangerous?” http://www.detoxcompanion.com/liver-cleanse/21/is-a-liver-flush-dangerous/.  Retrieved April 20, 2011

eHowHealth.com “What Are the Dangers of a Liver Cleanse with Epsom Salt, Olive Oil and Grapefruit?” http://www.ehow.com/about_5202419_dangers-salt_-olive-oil-grapefruit_.html.  Retrieved April 20, 2011

MayoClinic.com “What is a Gallbladder Cleanse? Is it an Effective Way to Flush Out Gallstones?” http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gallbladder-cleanse/AN01283. Retrieved April 20, 2011

Palmer, M.D., Melissa. Dr. Melissa Palmer’s Guide to Hepatitis & Liver Disease. New York: Avery Trade, 2004

U.S. National Library of Medicine NIH National Institutes of Health “Gallbladder Disease” http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001138.htm.  Retrieved April 20, 2011

WebMD “Tests Used to Diagnose Gallbladder Problems” http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/tests-diagnose-gallbladder-problems.  Retrieved April 20, 2011

Worman, M.D. Howard J. The Liver Disorders and Hepatitis Sourcebook.  McGraw-Hill, 2006

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