Who Is At Risk for Hepatitis C?
Recent studies suggest that HCV may survive on environmental surfaces at room temperature at least 16 hours, but no longer than 4 days.
The following individuals are at risk for contracting HCV:
- Anyone who injected illegal drugs, including those who injected once or a few times many years ago
- People who were treated for clotting problems with a blood product made before 1987 when more advanced methods for manufacturing the products were developed
- People who were notified that they received blood from a donor who later tested positive for Hepatitis C
- People who received a blood transfusion or solid organ transplant before July 1992 when better testing of blood donors became available
- Long-term hemodialysis patients
- People who have signs or symptoms of liver disease (e.g., abnormal liver enzyme tests)
- Healthcare workers after exposures (e.g., needle sticks or splashes to the eye) to HCV-positive blood on the job
- Children born to HCV-positive women
- People who have had multiple sexual partners, particularly where there is a history of a sexually transmitted disease
- Household members of an infected person
- People who have acquired a tattoo or who have had a body part pierced
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