Acute Liver Failure

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Acute Liver Failure?

Symptoms of Acute Liver Failure come on suddenly and without warning, so it is important to seek medical care immediately. Some of the signs and symptoms of ALF are as follows:

  • Hepatic encephalopathy (mental confusion, difficulty concentrating and disorientation)
  • Sudden jaundice (yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin)
  • Pain and tenderness in the upper right side of the stomach
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Ascites (accumulation of fluid in the stomach)
  • Edema (accumulation of fluid in the legs, ankles and feet)
  • Feeling ill
  • Drowsiness
  • Muscle tremors
  • Diarrhea
  • Bleeding easily

Mayo Clinic “Acute Liver Failure” http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/liver-failure/DS00961. Retrieved May 20, 2011

Medscape “Diagnosis and Management of Acute Liver Failure” http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/720697_3. Retrieved May 20, 2011

Palmer, M.D., Melissa. Dr. Melissa Palmer’s Guide to Hepatitis & Liver Disease. New York: Avery Trade, 2004.

U.S. National Library of Medicine NIH National Institutes of Health “Acute liver failure caused by 'fat burners' and dietary supplements: a case report and literature review” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499580. Retrieved May 20, 2011

U.S. National Library of Medicine NIH National Institutes of Health “Influence of high body mass index on outcome in acute liver failure” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16996806. Retrieved May 20, 2011

Worman, MD Howard J. The Liver Disorders and Hepatitis Sourcebook. McGraw-Hill, 2006